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Water quality is a significant issue, both for developing and developed countries, due to its impact on the population’s health.
In many parts of the world, tap’s water is not suitable for consumption.
One of the most common solutions used to solve this problem is water purification tablets.
In general, the higher the temperature and the more people around the water, the more likely it is undrinkable.
What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Water Pills?
The water treatment tablets contain chlorine and can be bought in pharmacies.
They can give the water a strange taste depending on the composition.
It is advisable not to use them for a long time to avoid health problems.
One pill can make one litre of water drinkable.
The water is cleaned from large objects such as branches or other elements.
The tablet is inserted.
It is allowed to dissolve for a few minutes (the time depends on each tablet, but it is usually between 20 and 30 minutes), and now you can drink the water.
The tablets have the advantage that they are cheap and easy to use (100 pills cost approximately 25 euros), but they have the disadvantage of the bad taste in some cases.
It can also be annoying to wait for the pill to take effect.
What are the other Methods to Purify Water?
In addition to water purifying tablets, you can use other methods to drink it calmly.
These are as follows:
· Boiled water
It is the oldest system, but it is advised to use it only in an emergency.
It is effective against microorganisms, although it must be boiled for at least ten minutes.
Another advantage is that it does not add flavour to the water because it does not add chemicals.
The main drawbacks of this method are that it takes time for the water to boil and cool.
It is also necessary to have fuel and a metal container to burn.
It is a water pump with several ceramic filters and can process up to one litre of water per minute.
You don’t notice the change in the water’s flavour, and the pump is heavy unless you buy it made of lightweight materials.
It works with a pump lever and can be used in clear waters with bacteria.
There are also filter canteens, but they have more limited effectiveness.
· Ultraviolet light purifier
It is about the size of a marker pen and consists of a lamp that emits ultraviolet light.
This is effective against all microorganisms; it is safe, fast and does not add chemicals to the water.
Use rechargeable batteries.
As you can see, there are several methods to make water drinkable, and if you live or travel to a place where the water is not drinkable.
You should drink bottled water or use one of the methods discussed to protect your health and avoid health problems: stomach and diarrhoea.
What are the Conditions or Diseases of Water pills?
Water pills are used alone and in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure.
It is used to treat oedema (fluid retention; excess fluid retained in body tissues) caused by various medical problems, including heart, kidney, and liver diseases, and treat oedema caused by certain medications.
Hydrochlorothiazide is in a class of medications called diuretics (“water pills”).
It works by causing elimination by the kidney through urine, excessive water and salt in the body.
High blood pressure is a common condition, and when left untreated, it can cause damage to the brain, heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and other parts of the body.
Damage to these organs can cause heart disease, heart attack, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, vision loss, and other problems.
In addition to taking medicine, making lifestyle changes will also help you control your blood pressure.
These changes include eating a diet that is low in fat and salt, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising for at least 30 minutes almost every day, not smoking, and consuming alcohol in moderation.
What is the Usage of Water Pills?
Water pills come as a tablet, capsule, and solution (liquid) to take by mouth.
It is usually taken once or twice a day.
When used to treat oedema, water pills can be taken daily or only on certain days of the week.
Do not take more or less of the medicine, or take it more often than your doctor’s prescription says.
Hydrochlorothiazide controls high blood pressure but does not cure it.
Keep taking hydrochlorothiazide even if you feel fine.
Do not stop taking hydrochlorothiazide without talking to your doctor.
Water pills can also be used to treat patients with diabetes insipidus and prevent kidney stones in patients with high calcium levels in the blood.
Ask your doctor about the possible risks of using this medication to treat your condition.
Sometimes this medicine can be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.
What are the Precautions for Water Pills?
Before taking hydrochlorothiazide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to hydrochlorothiazide, the “sulfa drugs,” penicillin, or any other medications.
If you are taking cholestyramine or colestipol, take medicine 1 hour before or 4 hours after hydrochlorothiazide.
Tell your doctor if you have kidney disease. Your doctor may tell you not to take hydrochlorothiazide.
Plan to avoid unnecessary or prolonged exposure to sunlight and wear protective clothing, sunglasses, and sunscreen.
Hydrochlorothiazide may make your skin sensitive to sunlight and increase your risk of certain types of skin cancer.
Alcohol can increase these side effects.
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