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What is India Map Physical? – About, Features and More

by The Digital Trendz
What is India Map Physical? – About, Features, and More - 2021


A large image of India’s physical map shows in colour the differences between the relief of the areas of the country.

India Map Physical, In addition to the border division between their territories and the names of the most relevant cities.

India occupies a vast area in South Asia.

It is locating at the geographic coordinates 20 00 N, 77 00 E. We can consider it a subcontinent.

Its vast area (3,287,590 km2) is equivalent to 6.5 times the surface of Spain and its geological, climatic, and landscape diversity that it entails amply justifies this qualification.

What are the Features of India Map Physical?

The Indian Ocean borders it, the Gulf of Bengal and Bangladesh to the east, Pakistan and the Arabian Sea to the West.

The Himalayan and Karakorum chain with China, Nepal, Bhutan, and north Sri Lanka to the South, with Cape Comorin being the southernmost point.

Terrain shape

The Indian subcontinent’s elevated areas are made up of the Deccan plateau to the South and, above all, by the imposing mountain range of the  Himalayas to the north.

Simultaneously, a vast area of ​​flat or undulating terrain appears along the  Ganges, which determines an extensive and fertile valley.

Finally, and to the Northeast, we find the  Thar Desert, the natural border between India and Pakistan.

Extreme elevations

The lowest point is the Indian Ocean, 0 meters
Maximum elevation: Kanchenjunga 8,598 meters

Environmental aspects

Deforestation, soil erosion, over-exploited pastures, desertification, environmental pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions.

The water pollution from direct wastewater discharges, and those provided by agricultural pesticides, domestic water is not drinkable throughout the country.

The vast and rapid population increase is a threat to natural resources.


Varies from the typical monsoon in the South to the temperate one in the north.

The diversity of climates is once again one of the critical aspects of this vast country of contrasts.

From the freezing winters of the Himalayas to the tropical environments of the Coromandel Coast in the South.

From rainy and humid states of Assam and Bengal in the Northeast to the Great Indian Desert of Rajasthan in the West.

What is the Classification of India Map Physical?

A possible classification would be the following

1. Himalaya Region

It is with the logical differences according to altitude, summers from 18º to 2000 meters and from 0º to 4500.

In the lower valleys between 32º and 38º.

The eastern part of the chain receives much more rainfall than the western region and is, therefore, more prone to flooding.

2.      Assam and West Bengal

It is with extraordinarily humid and rainy weather.

The state of Meghalaya takes the palm of the highest rainfall on the planet with its 10,900 mm. yearly.

3.      Plains of the Ganges

with temperatures that in winter can reach 5º, but with notable variations. In the West.

In the Western Ghats and coastal areas, heavy rains are recording during the summer monsoon (South-West).

According to the places and the years, the interior of the peninsula with averages of 650 mm. per year and very significant differences.

The Eastern Ghats receives less rain than the Western Ghats, averaging 900 to 1,300 mm. yearly.

Rajasthan and northern Gujarat in the West presents an almost entirely desert landscape.

4. The North of the Deccan Plateau

It receives the best rains during the summer monsoon.

On the other hand, The southern part is a bit “shaded” by the monsoon and only receives between 50 and 1000 mm.

The temperatures in these interior areas are more moderate, between 15 and 38º.

Apart from the sites directly influenced by the Himalayas’ presence, the heat can be oppressive.

And also, on some occasions threatening human integrity, as happened in 1994 and 1995.

The torrid environment that can exceed 48º and relatively dry is the norm before the summer monsoons appear.

Their rains and humidity leave the sky covered with clouds that soften the temperature slightly.

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