What is a Solar Inverter? – Definition, Types, Necessity, and More
Solar Inverter are equipment responsible for transforming the energy produced in a photovoltaic installation.
Which transmit in the form of a direct current.
So that household appliances and other electrical products can operate at their normal levels.
The solar inverter is the essential component that will allow anyone who installs solar panels in their homes to enjoy the energy from the sun.
That is, it converts the power generated by said solar panels into electricity.
What are the Types of Solar Inverters?
There are several types of investors
1. Sine Wave Inverters
To correct the electrical installation in a home, and also you should always choose a pure sine wave inverter.
It is the one that will always be adapting to household electronic devices that use alternating current.
2. Modified sine wave
For most equipment, especially devices with electric motors (water pumps or industrial equipment such as lathes, drills, etc.)
It is modified sine wave inverters will better adapt to your specifications.
3. Inverters on-grid and battery
Within the family of inverters, we can differentiate between grid connection inverters.
It manages to synchronize the energy produced by the photovoltaic field with the public grid or battery inverters.
With the injection of energy to the batteries, and also regulate the passage of said stored energy to the homes/businesses / photovoltaic systems’ electrical systems.
4. Single-phase and three-phase inverters
Within the grid connection inverters, we have two connection possibilities in the facilities.
We find single-phase installations in which the current flows through a single conductor.
And also it is often using in domestic installations for lighting loads and small power supplies.
On the other hand, three-phase installations have three connections, more refined and cheaper.
It emit constant power, and not pulses, which increases the equipment’s performance.
What is the Necessity of Solar Inverter?
- The modules’ energy production is transforming into direct current that cannot be used in homes or injected into the electrical network.
- Here, inverters for solar panels come into play, converting that continuous energy that we cannot take advantage of into alternating current.
- In this way, it will allow us to use electrical appliances, lighting, or other household functions that need electricity.
- In addition to performing this vital function, the inverter will optimize the photovoltaic solar panels’ energy production to achieve the installation’s maximum possible performance.
What are the Characteristics of a solar Inverter?
1. Maximum transformation power
It is the maximum amount of energy that our inverter will transform.
It can be express in both (W) and (VA).
we must choose an appropriate inverter model for our installation
2. Protection systems
Solar inverters also stop production in the event of a short circuit, grid failure, or component failure.
so,If this is not possible, we must install a separate shutdown system.
The inverter must optimize our solar production regardless of the shades or the type of panel installed.
Therefore, we must choose which investor is most appropriate for our home.
4. Data register
The generation of individualized production data will allow us to study which panels produce less and solve the problem if any.
What is the Operation and Installation of solar Inverters?
Once we clear about the main functions of solar energy inverters.
We will see how exactly this component works in a photovoltaic self-consumption installation.
Solar panels receive sunlight that is later transforming into electricity.
But this electricity is wholly converted into direct current that is not feasible for electricity consumption in our homes.
So how can we use that electricity from solar energy? The answer is in the solar inverter.
This essential component of any photovoltaic self-consumption installation will transform direct current into alternating current.
so,the energy generated by the solar panels is sent directly to the inverter to carry out this transformation of currents.
And finally, enjoy the sun’s electrical power and use it for domestic use.
Regarding the installation, we must consider aspects.
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